1 edition of Global prevalence of iodine deficiency disorders. found in the catalog.
Includes bibliographical references (p. 75-80).At head of title: Micronutrient Deficiency Information System, World Health Organization.World Health Organization, United Nations Childrens Fund, International Council for the Control of Iodine Deficiency Disorders (ICCIDD).
|Statement||Micronutrient Deficiency Information System|
|Publishers||Micronutrient Deficiency Information System|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||xvi, 111 p. :|
|Number of Pages||73|
|3||MDIS working paper ;|
nodata File Size: 6MB.
Prevalence of goiter in school-going children in a Union Council near Islamabad. National monitoring surveys have taken place every 2 years since 1993. Two out of five, or 31 out of the 77 countries with data, showed equity between the richest and poorest households for consumption of iodized salt.
We considered each prevalence estimate of inadequate iodine intake as reflective of the whole country, whether from national or subnational data. The effects of iodine deficiency on growth and development, called the iodine deficiency disorders IDDscomprise goiter enlarged thyroid glandstillbirths and miscarriages, neonatal and juvenile thyroid deficiency, dwarfism, mental defects, deaf mutism, and spastic weakness and paralysis, as well as lesser degrees of loss of physical and mental function.
When iodisation of salt is not possible, iodine supplements can be given to susceptible groups. Twenty-eight of the subnational estimates are from single studies and 5 were obtained from pooled data. Two countries deteriorated from optimal iodine intake to deficiency. With the introduction of the Universal Salt Iodization Programme, the situation seems to have improved substantially. This finding is supported by studies in Sub-Saharan Africa and northern Ethiopia which states that females were drastically affected [, ], and on the other hand, it is contradicted with findings from western part of Germany and Islamabad reported that males were more likely affected than females [, ].
Tanzania national survey on iodine deficiency: impact after twelve years of salt iodation. For example, one meta-analysis concluded that an average of 13. Thyroid diseases in sub-Saharan Africa.
Two exceptions were made for Tunisia and Qatar, for consistency with the previous estimates. WHO brought out the publication on IDD indicators so that scientists could use uniform guidelines for the collection of data on goiter prevalence.
UNICEF, : Progress since the 1990 World Summit for Children , New York, 2008.
Severe iodine deficiency was eradicated from many parts of the world, but milder forms still exist and may escape detection.
In the years 2003 and 2007, 92.
The 2011 global estimate of iodine status is for the 193 WHO member states and the six WHO regions.
This age group was recommended to be used in the surveys in all the countries because children in this age group have a high vulnerability, easy access, and are useful for surveillance of other health activities.